African Bat

Bats are the only mammal that have wings and can truly fly, and they’re found almost everywhere on the planet. As long as there is somewhere to safely rest, or roost, and somewhere to forage for food, there’ll probably be bats.

The African continent and Madagascar and its associated islands contain about 258 extant species of bats, which comprises about 25% of the global bat diversity.

Bats are highly specific about what they eat. Most eat just insects, and almost all of the rest eat fruit, with just a small few species specializing in eating animals apart from insects. Bats are vital to the ecology, they disperse fruit seeds and pollinate flowers wherever they live. With most being insect eaters, they help keep pest numbers down.

Many plants are dependent on these night time visitors for both pollination and seed dispersal. Both groups of bats are also greatly susceptible to environmental change and are susceptible to increased levels of pesticides. The effects of habitat and climate change on these species are unknown, and if so, there is much speculation as to the impacts, both positive and negative. These impacts on bats have a direct impact on food security and human related zoonotic diseases.

In some parts of Africa, bats are considered a delicacy. Elsewhere, they are considered pests and killed to prevent the destruction of fruit crops. Bats are also slaughtered because of superstitions and the musky odors and noise emanating from their roosting places.
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Bat Facts

Video by Free School