Leopard Facts

The leopard is part of the cat family, and their lean bodies are built for hunting. Unlike the lion, leopards are solitary animals. They are mostly nocturnal, hunting at night and often drag their food up into the trees for safe keeping. They will often leave their prey up in the trees for days and return only when they are hungry.

The scientific name for leopard is Panthera pardus, and they are well known for the cream and gold spotted fur. The spots are called rosettes.  A few leopards have black fur with dark spots, and these leopards are often mistaken for panthers.

A leopard’s tail is nearly as long as its body. This enables it to make sharp turns quickly and also helps with balance.

Adult leopards are solitary animals. Each adult leopard has its own territory where it lives and, although they often share parts of it, they try to avoid one another. When a female leopard is ready to mate she will give a scent and rub her body on the trees to leave her smell there. Male leopards either smell the females scent or hear her call to know that she is ready to mate. Female leopards give birth to a littler of two or three cubs at a time. By the time a cub is two years old it will leave the company of its mother and live on their own.

Some people believe that the bones and whiskers of leopards can heal sick people. Many leopards are killed each year for their fur and body parts and this is one reason why the leopard is an endangered animal. While they were previously found in the wild in a number of areas around the world, their habitat is largely restricted to sub-Saharan Africa with small numbers also found in India, Pakistan, Malaysia, China and Indochina.
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Facts About Leopards

Video by Barkly Documentary